Investigating the Perceived Leisure Freedom of FIFA 2022 World Cup Spectators

The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of freedom perceived by FIFA 2022 World Cup spectators during their free time. This quantitative study utilized the cross-sectional model. The working group was comprised of 408 individuals, including 229 men and 179 women, who traveled from Turkey to Qatar in order to observe the FIFA 2022 World Cup. The "Perceived Freedom in Leisure Scale" comprised of two sub dimensions and 17 items was used as a measuring instrument. The obtained data were subjected to Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality tests, and non-parametric Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were conducted because the data did not satisfy normality conditions. The obtained results were evaluated at a significance level of 0.05. Significant differences emerged in the variable perceived leisure freedom in knowledge and skills sub dimensions according to gender and participation in social activities. There was a significant difference in the sub dimension of excitement and fun based on the age variable.

Anahtar Kelimeler

FIFA, freedom, leisure, world cup